Based on figures from the intermediary group running the first Social Impact Bond project funded by the Canadian government, 60 per cent of the funds are being spent on overhead and investor profits. Only 40% of government funding going to skills training.
The project funding agreement, which was obtained by NUPGE through the Freedom of Information Act, states that the Canadian government is spending up to $2.75 million on a Social Impact Bond project called the Essential Skills Social Finance Pilot Project. According to the backgrounder for the project, the maximum amount that will be paid to colleges delivering the training program is $1.1 million. That means only 40 per cent of the money the federal government is providing will be spent on skills training.
Up to 400 people are supposed to receive skills training through this pilot project. Colleges are receiving $2,000 per student, as well as up to $750 in additional payments, depending on how students perform in tests after completing the program. In the worst case scenario, only $800,000 of the federal government funding would actually be spent on training.
New form of privatization, same old secrecy
While Social Impact Bonds may be a new form of privatization, they have the same level of secrecy as older privatization schemes. And again, in the contract between the federal government and the intermediary organization, key information is kept secret.
Even though the public is funding the service, the targets the project has to meet before it’s considered successful are hidden.
We'll be told we’re paying for success, but we will have no idea of whether the project is actually successful.
Details hidden, as well as how much companies will make in profit
Also hidden in the contract is how much of a profit investors will make as different targets are met.
When we’re not allowed to see what targets the project has to meet before investors make a profit or how large those profits will be, it is very hard to believe the claim that Social Impact Bonds will save money. Sadly, this level of secrecy is typical of what we’ve come to expect with privatization.
Additional layers of bureaucracy and investor profits eat up most of the funding
While many details are kept secret, it’s not hard to guess where the money is going.
Social Impact Bonds require new layers of bureaucracy.
- The intermediary organization to find investors, to find an organization to deliver the service and oversee the project.
- The lawyers and accountants required to negotiate the contract with the government providing the funds.
- The cost of measuring whether the project met its targets.
And, while it’s not part of the original Social Impact Bond model, no privatization scheme would be complete without an expensive consultant or two. For the Essential Skills Social Finance Project KPMG have been retained as “financial advisor.”
Finally, there’s the profit for investors that the intermediary group says will be “up to 115% if metrics are met.”
Investors fund only a small portion of total cost
In theory, investors in Social Impact Bonds fund the project and governments repay them only after the project has been judged a success.
But in practice, it appears Social Impact Bonds can’t even manage to meet that goal. For the Essential Skills Social Finance Project, the federal government is on the hook from the get-go and will end up paying most of the costs.